2,300-year-old Jewish settlement found in Israel

2,300-year-old Jewish settlement found in Israel


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On the causeway built during the siege of Jerusalem in 1948 (not to be confused with the highway connecting Burma and China), which has appeared during the construction of an oil pipeline a ancient settlement belonging to the Second Temple period, 3rd century BC, which was occupied for two centuries.

The Israel Natural Gas company was the promoter of the 35km pipeline construction project, from the coast to the outskirts of the capital. The Israel Antiquities Authority has requested a review of the project, based on the discovery, in order to preserve the site.

The site occupies about 750 square kilometers of rural town, formed by about five houses and narrow streets. The houses consist of different rooms and a patio of lights and it is believed that in each one a family unit would have lived. It is located near arable land, in which orchards of fruit trees and vineyards would have been cultivated, as at present.

The dating to the 3rd century BC. places it in the Hellenistic rule period (Seleucid dynasty, descendants of Alexander the Great), in the Second Temple stage, in which the Jewish religion suffered many alterations, such as the incipient creation of synagogues and the development of numerous orthodoxies, due to the large number of foreign influences, such as the Greek.

Settlement was occupied for two centuries, until the end of the Hasmonean dynasty, at which point, as archaeologist dr. Yuval Baruch, the abandonment of this type of rural locations was frequent. With the end of the Hasmoneans and the arrival to the throne of Herod the Great and its urban planning program in JerusalemThere was a great exodus from the countryside to the city to work on the works, so in the old territory of Judea it is common to find this kind of abandoned farms and villages.

But not only the site itself is important, but the great variety of archaeological material extracted from it, from very diverse periods since it was populated for about 200 years, such as basalt and limestone grinding, domestic tools for grinding, kitchen utensils, jugs and vessels for water and oil, lamps and even sixty coins belonging to Seleucid reign of Antiochus III (223 - 187 a.C.) and Alexander Janneo Hasmonean (103 a.C. - 76 a.C.).

Romantic, in the artistic sense of the word. In my adolescence, both family and friends reminded me over and over that I was an inveterate humanist, as I spent time doing what perhaps others not so much, believing myself to be Bécquer, immersed in my own artistic fantasies, in books and movies, constantly wanting to travel and explore the world, admired for my historical past and for the wonderful productions of the human being. That is why I decided to study History and combine it with Art History, because it seemed to me the most appropriate way to carry out the skills and passions that characterize me: reading, writing, traveling, researching, knowing, making known, educating. Disclosure is another of my motivations, because I understand that there is no word that has real value if it is not because it has been transmitted effectively. And with this, I am determined that everything I do in my life has an educational purpose.


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