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The Treviño enclave, that piece of Burgos immersed in the Basque Country continues to give important results in the archaeological investigations carried out in the area of the County of Treviño.
Alfonso Alday, professor at the University of the Basque Country / Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea (UPV / EHU) together with a group of professionals, have carried out research in the Martinarri prehistoric site, in Obécuri, in the easternmost part of the Treviño enclave.
The investigations that have been carried out have concluded that this area, where the site is located today, It served as a refuge for human communities that were there between 12,000 to 8,500 years ago BC., as it is collected in the digital edition of Diario de Burgos.
Alday explains that “the first groups that inhabited it, from the end of the Paleolithic, arrived at the place in the last phases of the ice age. The following ones stayed when the environmental conditions were already similar to ours, and the territory was covered with dense forests”. This is very important since this deposit can give clues about how the last climate change occurred on Earth and how the fauna and flora of the region evolved.
In this archaeological zone, they have been found: remains of homes, structures raised with sticks, abundant fauna, a pendant, tips for hunting, scrapers for the treatment of skins and knives to manipulate the killed animals.
Further, experts have found that hunting was one of the main activities. Alday has commented that “All this material was made in flint, collected in the Sierra de Urbasa (Álava-Navarra) and even further away, on the Cantabrian coast”.
The team of archaeologists has highlighted the importance, richness and magnificence of the site, since “This site, together with El Montico de Charratu and the Alava archaeological remains of Atxoste and Socuevas, formed a network of establishments that evidences the definitive installation of our species in the region. They are excellent results and that opens up very good expectations for the following years of activity”As Alay explained well.
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