Khirsara was a great industrial center in the Harappan era

Khirsara was a great industrial center in the Harappan era


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The excavations in Khirsara initiated in 2009 confirm that this site was a large center industrial that experienced a commercial boom between 2600 and 2200 BC.

The village of Khirsara, located 85 km from Gujarat in Palestine, offered numerous gold beads in different shapes. Likewise, ceramic containers and seals of various shapes with Harappan writing or engravings of unicorns and bulls have been recovered. The site meets the characteristics of the Harappan culture by urban planning, rooms, warehouse, sewage system and great walls.

More than 4,200 years ago, this city was a very important trading post, as it produced huge amounts of beads made of materials such as shells, jasper, and other stones, minerals and metals such as soapstone or copper, used for rings, knives, arrowheads or pesos. Up to 25,000 trinkets could be obtained in a single trench, demonstrating the bonanza of the Harappan era. This enriched the artistic manifestations in ceramics, expressed in designs with animal motifs, or geometric shapes such as spirals, zigzags, crosses or thick lines.

According to R.N. Kumaran, from Assistant Archaeologist (ASI) have found furnaces, soapstone beads and seals, and copper and ash work.

An impressive feature of the Harappa site is that each interior building has its own wall, for example the warehouse, or the factory, which included sections with the function of surveillance. Even the kilns for making pottery, located outside the fortification walls, had their own wall. The outer wall is 4,400 years old and still stands firm in certain areas.

Superintendent Jitendra Nath states that this is the first time in the Harappan period that dividing walls have been found between each dependency. It also emphasizes the protective role they performed, not only for people but also for the goods produced.

The warehouse, built in wood, had dimensions of almost 30 meters by 12 meters and had spaces between the walls so that they acted as ventilation for the stored items. According to Jitendra, they also kept products destined for import and export that flowed through the Khari River.

The houses in the city belonged to the elite and had bricks of various colors, and paved floors, with rooms interconnected. They were also built near the warehouse to keep a watch on the products.

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