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Who was Aristotle?
Aristotle was a Greek philosopher whose writings ranged from ethics, aesthetics, logic, science, metaphysics to politics.
Born in 384 BC. in Estagira, located 55 kilometers from modern Salonica, was the son of Nicómaco who was personal physician to King Amyntas of Macedon.
After spending his first years close to the Macedonian monarchy, he went to Athens at age 18 to continue your studies at Plato's Academy, remaining there until 348 BC.
The writings say that his departure from Athens was caused by the disagreement that existed with Plato's nephew, Speusippo, by taking this the direction of the academy.
He later traveled to his friend's court Hermias of Atarneo located in Asia Minor, to later go to the island of Lesbos where, together with Theophrastus, he investigated the botany and zoology of the island.
Aristotle married the adopted daughter or niece of Hermias, Pythia who gave birth to a girl of the same name.
Aristotle and Alexander the Great
After the death of Hermias, Aristotle was called by Philip II of Macedonia to become his son's teacher, the well-known Alexander the Great, in the year 343 BC.
Named head of the Royal Macedonian Academy He gave lessons not only to Alexander but also to two other future kings: Ptolemy and Cassander. Aristotle encouraged Alexander to undertake the conquest of the east.
In 335 BC he returned to Athens with the aim of creating his own school which was called Lyceum and in which courses were created for the following 12 years.
During this instance his wife Pythia died and Aristotle was together with Herpyllis of Estagira with whom he had his second son whom he named after his father, Nicomachus.
In this years Aristotle created many of his works, dialogues of which only fragments have survived throughout history.
The works that have survived are in the form of treatises and were not intended for widespread publication, among the most important are the «Physics "," Metaphysics "," Nicomachean Ethics "," Politics "," De Anima "and" Poetics ".
Aristotle did not dedicate himself exclusively to the study of different subjects but also made very important contributions to most of them.
Aristotle and the death of Alexander
At the end of Alexander's life he began to suspect conspiracies on the part of Aristotle for which he was threatened by means of a letter.
These suspicions were based on the fact that he did not silence his feeling of contempt for the claim of the type of protagonism that Alexander exercised, who executed the philosopher's nephew challenging treason.
And, although over the years it has been believed that the philosopher was a participant in Alexander's death, no evidence has been obtained to verify it.
The death of Alexander aroused anti-Macedonian sentiment in Athens, which is why the philosopher had to flee to his mother's family estate in Chalcis.
Finally died in Euboea in 322 BC. due to natural causes and leaving a will in which he asked to be buried with his wife.
Cover image: Stock Photos - By Ververidis Vasilis on Shutterstock
Rest of images: Public Domain
I was born in Madrid on August 27, 1988 and since then I started a work of which there is no example. Fascinated by both numbers and letters and a lover of the unknown, that is why I am a future graduate in Economics and Journalism, interested in understanding life and the forces that have shaped it. Everything is easier, more useful and more exciting if, with a look at our past, we can improve our future and for that… History.